Abortion Law: Costa Rica
Abortion is only permitted to to save the life of the woman and to preserve to physical and/or mental health.
ARTICLE 118: Abortion with or without consent
Whoever causes the death of a fetus shall be punished: 1) with imprisonment from three to ten years, if done without her consent or if she is younger than fifteen years old. This punishment will be from two to eight years, if the fetus (*) had reached six months of intrauterine life; (*). 2) with imprisonment from one to three years, if done with the woman's consent. This penalty will be from six months to two years if the fetus had not reached six months of intrauterine life. In the above cases the respective penalty is increased if the fact results in the death of women.
ARTICLE 119: Procured abortion
The woman who consents upon or causes her own abortion will be punished with imprisonment from one to three years. This penalty will be from six months to two years if the fetus had not reached six months of intrauterine life.
ARTICLE 120: Abortion honoris causa
If the abortion was made to hide the shame of a woman, either by herself or by third parties with the consent of the former, the penalty is three months to two years in prison.
ARTICLE 121: Abortion unpunished
It is not punishable the abortion performed with her consent with medical or obstetric authorization, when it has not been possible to intervene before, if it has been done in order to avoid danger to the life or health of the mother and this could not be avoided by other means.
ARTICLE 122: Culpable Abortion
It shall be punished with sixty to one hundred twenty days fine, whoever causes an abortion por culpa.
Ten to sixty days fine will be imposed to whom: Quarrel dual 1) intervenes in a dual fight. Participation in Brawl 2) takes part in a brawl involving two or more people. Untertaking to a woman during pregnancy 3) commits an action or produces violent emotions to a woman during pregnancy, when the pregnancy is evident. Trade or announcement of abortion medicaments 4) Do commerce of or preach procedures, instruments, drugs or substances to induce abortion. (As amended by Article 2 of Law No. 8250 of May 2, 2002). (As amended numbering of this article paragraph 9 of Law No. 7538 August 22, 1995, which transferred it from 375 to 377). (As amended numbering of this article by the numeral 185, paragraph a) of Law No.7732 of December 17, 1997, which transferred it from 377 to 379). (So mofidificada the numbering of this article by paragraph 2 of Law No. 8272 of May 2, 2002, which transferred the current 379 to 381).