Abortion laws Gambia
Background (From the UN country report)
"Under the Criminal Code of the Gambia, enacted on 1 October 1934 (Sections 140-142, 198-199), abortion is considered an offence in all cases. General criminal law principles of necessity, however, allow an abortion to be performed to save the life of the pregnant woman. Moreover, the Criminal Code provides that no person shall be found guilty of the offence of destroying a child capable of being born alive if the act was done in good faith to preserve the life of the mother. The Code establishes the presumption that a child is capable of being born alive if the pregnancy has lasted at least 28 weeks.
A person who unlawfully performs an abortion is subject to 14 years’ imprisonment. A woman who performs her own abortion or consents to it being performed is subject to seven years’ imprisonment. A person who unlawfully supplies instruments with the knowledge that they are intended to be used unlawfully for the performance of an abortion is liable to three years’ imprisonment."
GAMBIA. Criminal Code.
Section 140. Any person who, with intent to procure miscarriage of a pregnant woman, whether she is or is not with child, unlawfully administers to her or causes her to take any poison or other noxious thing, or uses any force of any kind, or uses any other means whatever, is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term of fourteen years.
Section 141. Any woman who, being with child, with intent to procure her own miscarriage, unlawfully administers to herself any poison or other noxious thing, or uses any force of any kind, or uses any poison or other noxious thing, or uses any force of any kind, or uses any other means whatever, or permits any such thing or means to be administered or used to her, is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term of seven years.
Section 142. Any person who unlawfully supplies or procures for any person anything whatever, knowing that it is intended to be unlawfully used to procure the miscarriage of a woman, whether she is or is not with child, is guilty of an felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term of three years.
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Section 198. Subject as hereinafter in this section provided, any person who, with intent to destroy the life of a child capable of being born alive, by any wilful act causes a child to die before it has an existence independent of its mother, shall be guilty of the felony of child destruction, and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for life:
Provided that no such person shall be found guilty of an offence under this section unless it is proved that the act which caused the death of the child was not done in good faith for the purpose only of preserving the life of the mother.
Section 199. For the purposes of section 198 of this Code, evidence that a woman had at any material time been pregnant for a period of twenty-eight weeks or more shall be prima facie proof that she was at that time pregnant of a child capable of being born alive.
Source: The Harvard School of Public Health, http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/population/abortion/GAMBIA.abo.htm