Thailand: Abortion Laws


THAILAND.  Penal Code.

Brief history of the law

The abortion law was based on European model (19th century) introduced by European advisor to the King Rama V. Prior to this introduction there was no abortion law.

The last amendment was in 1957 where the article 305 was added.(This article allows PHISICIANS to carry out abortion with the consent of the patient only from “HEALTH” indication and from pregnancy arising from specified sexual crimes )i.e. article 272, 273, 282, 283, 284 in the criminal code law).

Analysis of it being restrictive if at all

The health care provider, the medical schools,  the police and the society as a whole still consider the law being “Restrictive”. Different agency makes different interpretation.

Lately the Thai Medical Council,  the Royal Thai College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health has redefined the term “HEALTH” to cover MENTAL as well as PHYSICAL aspect.

Short summary of conditions within the law : 

  • To save the life of the woman – yes.  
  • To preserve physical health – yes.  
  • To preserve mental health – yes. 
  • Rape or incest – yes. 
  • Foetal impairment – yes. 
  • Economic or social reasons – no. 
  • Available on request – no.  

Abortion related morbidity mortality statistics

300 : 100,000 abortions.

Misoprostol Availability

Misoprostol is imported and registered for non-obstetric. Mifepristone is not licensed.

*Information above has been retrieved from the International Consortium for Medical Abortion website, link.

Further information:

The UN Country Report, link.