Abortion law Ghana


Abortion Law

Abortion is permitted to save the life of the woman, to preserve physical health, preserve mental health, in the case of rape or incest or in the case of fetal impairment. 

Ghana enacted a new abortion law in 1985 (Law No. 102 of 22 February). In general, under this law any person administering any poison or other noxious substance to a woman or using any instruments or other means with the intent to cause an abortion is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, regardless of whether the woman is pregnant or has given her consent. Any person inducing a woman to cause or consent to an abortion, assisting a woman to cause an abortion or attempting to cause an abortion may also be imprisoned for a term not exceeding five years. A person who supplies or procures any poison, drug or instrument or any other thing knowing that it will be used to perform an abortion is also subject to the same punishment.  Nonetheless, the new law enlarges the circumstances under which the performance of an abortion is permitted. Abortion is currently legal if the continuation of the pregnancy involves risk to the life or injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman. Abortion is also legal if there is substantial risk that the child, if born, might suffer from or later develop a serious physical abnormality or disease.  Finally, abortion is legal if the pregnancy results from rape, incest or the defilement of a mentally handicapped woman. A legal abortion must be performed by a registered medical practitioner with the consent of the pregnant woman. If the woman lacks the capacity to give her own consent, the consent of her next of kin or guardian is required. The abortion must be performed in a government hospital or a private hospital or clinic registered under the Private Hospitals and Maternity Homes Act of 1958 (No. 9) or in a place approved for that purpose by the law. 

Misoprostol Availability

Misoprostol is available under the brandname Misotac®.

Mifepristone is registered as well.


Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ?

560 (2005)

Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) rural ?

30.9 (2003)

Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) urban ?

79.7 (2003)

Births attended by skilled health personnel difference urban-rural ?

48.8 (2003)