• 1.Email Communication from The Google AdWords Team to Women on Waves (September 17, 2008) (on file).
  • 2 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Dec. 16, 1966, 993 U.N.T.S. 3, (entered into force Jan. 3, 1976).
  • 3 World Health Organization (WHO). Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2003. 5 (Geneva: WHO, 2007); David A. Grimes et al. “Unsafe abortion: the preventable pandemic” (2006) 368 Lancet 1908-19, 1910.
  • 4 Susheela Singh. “Hospital admissions resulting from unsafe abortion: estimates from 13 developing countries” (2006) 368 Lancet 1887-92, 1890.
  • 5 WHO. Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems. 82 (Geneva: WHO, 2003). See Concluding Observations of U.N. bodies that monitor compliance with international human rights conventions, e.g. Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Colombia, CEDAW, UN Doc. CEDAW/C/COL/CO/6 (2007): While noting the decriminalization of abortion under certain conditions, the Committee remained “concerned that, in practice, women may not have access to legal abortion services” (para. 22); Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Saint Lucia, CEDAW, UN GAOR, * * 61st sess., supp. no. 38 (A/61/38) part II (2006) 114: While welcoming legal reform that permits abortion under certain circumstances, “[t]he Committee notes with concern the persistence of unsafe abortions in the country. It also notes with concern that no information was provided about measures to provide safe abortion services where those are permitted by law” (paras. 154, 181).

6 U.N. Comm. on Econ., Soc. and Cultural Rights, General Comment No. 14. The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health, UN doc E/C.12/2000/4 at para. 12 (Aug. 11, 2000).

  • 7 U.N. Comm. on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, General Recommendation No. 24: Women and Health, UN Doc. A/54/38/Rev.1 at paras. 11, 14, 23 (1999)

8 Supra note 6.

  • 9 See e.g. Chelsea Morroni, Landon Myer & Kemilembe Tibazarwa. “Knowledge of the abortion legislation among South African women: a cross-sectional study” (2006) 3 Reproductive Health 7; Lisa A. Goldman, Sandra G. García, Juan Díaz & Eileen A Yam, “Brazilian obstetrician-gynecologists and abortion: a survey of knowledge, opinions and practices” (2005) 2 Reproductive Health 10; Davida Becker, Sandra G. Garcia & Ulla Larsen “Knowledge and Opinions about Abortion Law among Mexican Youth” (2002) 28(4) International Family Planning Perspectives 205-213; Kirti Iyengar & Sharad Iyengar. “Elective abortion as a primary health service in rural India: experience with manual vacuum aspiration.” (2002) 10(19) Reproductive Health Matters 54-63.
  • 10 See Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee: Argentina, HRC, UN Doc. CCPR/CO/70/ARG (2000): “[T]he Committee is concerned that the criminalization of abortion deters medical professionals from providing this procedure without judicial order, even when they are permitted to do so by law” (para. 14); Grimes, supra note 3 at 1913.
  • 11Open Door Counselling and Dublin Well Woman v. Ireland [1992] 15 EHRR 244.
  • 12 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 December 1966, GA Res. 2200A (XX1), art. 19.
  • 13 Bigelow v. Virginia, 421 U.S. 809 (1975).
  • 14 Marge Berer. “National Laws and Unsafe Abortion: The Parameters of Change” (2004) 12 (24 Supp) Reproductive Health Matters 1–8, 5.
  • 15 U.K., Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice (BCAP) and the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA), The BCAP Code Review: Consultation on the Proposed BCAP Advertising Standards Code (2009).
  • 16 See Mike Benigeri & Pierre Pluye, “Shortcomings of health information on the Internet” (2003) 18 Health Promotion International 381. Article analyzes the rising number of Internet sites providing medical information and services and the lack of available assistance in sorting through this information. See also: Berland et al., “Health Information on the Internet: Accessibility, Quality and Readability in English and Spanish” (2001) 285 JAMA 2612.
  • 17 Uruguay, Ministry of Public Health, Order/Ordenanza 369/04, 6 de agosto del ano 2004.
  • 18 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Abortion Policies 2007. (New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2007).
  • 19 Reed Boland and Laura Katzive. “Developments in Laws on Induced Abortion:1998–2007” (2008) 34(3) International Family Planning Perspectives 110–120, 110.
  • 20 WHO. The prevention and management of unsafe abortion. Report of a Technical Working Group. 3 (Geneva: WHO, 1993).
  • 21 WHO, supra note 3 at 5; Grimes, supra note 3 at 1908.
  • 22 Christian Fiala & Kristina-Gemzell Danielsson. “Review of medical abortion using mifepristone in combination with a prostaglandin analogue” (2006) 74 Contraception 66–86.
  • 23 R.J. Gomperts et al. “Using telemedicine for termination of pregnancy with mifepristone and misoprostol in settings where there is no access to safe services” (2008) 115 BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1171-5.
  • 24 Sandra Coliver. “Article 19 International Centre Against Censorship” in The Right to Know: Human Rights and Access to Reproductive Health Information (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995).
  • 25 Google AdWords, “Advertising Policies” (2009).
  • 26 Grimes, supra note 3 at 1913; See also: G. Sedgh et al. “Induced abortion: estimated rates and trends worldwide” (2007) 370 The Lancet 1338-1345.